SDGs

SDGs in Lebanon

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❌: COVID-19 is caused by a bacterial rather than viral infection. ✔: The virus that causes COVID-19 has been seque… https://t.co/XyRCQzSyv5 more
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UNDP Regional Goodwill Ambassador for Climate Change @mikaelhaddad just joined @UNEP_WestAsia #ForNature Challenge.… https://t.co/oLgJZIvEY8 more
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Agora is joining the @unitednations global dialogue initiative ‘#UN75: Shaping our future together’ to create a dis… https://t.co/p0xITthNel more
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This year’s theme of #WorldEnvironmentDay is Biodiversity. It’s a call to action to combat the accelerating species… https://t.co/Ota2r2F1O5 more
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تنحصر الغابات بـ١٣٪ فقط من مساحة لبنان، في حين تغطّي الأراضي الحرجية ١٢٪ من مساحته هذه الأراضي مهدّدة بخطر الزوال… https://t.co/p6Bv5zC3ul more
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إن ممارسة #الوصم الاجتماعي بحق ضحايا #كورونا له آثار سلبية وخيمة: ✔️ فهو يدفع الناس لإخفاء المرض بغية تجنب التميي… https://t.co/cVqiyAra90 more
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بمناسبة اليوم العالمي للبيئة، تطلق #الأمم_المتحدة في #لبنان ووكالة الإعلانات @TBWARAADDUBAI حملة #داويها_صح. تابع… https://t.co/lDTxZNO5dB more
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People fleeing war, violence, persecution & natural disasters or struggling to eke out a living as migrants in info… https://t.co/F4oiRO8CZf more
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Forests only cover 13% of #Lebanon ’s surface area, while other wooded lands cover 12% Protect these areas by putt… https://t.co/MSTjyenGzE more
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في حين يستعيد القطاع الصناعي بعض نشاطاته في #لبنان في ظل أزمة #فيروس_كورونا ،لا بدّ من اعتماد الإرشادات التي أطلقته… https://t.co/r9F3t5Ml3o more
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#DYK ? In 2018, wildlife tourism directly contributed $120 billion to economies. This is what nature can do in just… https://t.co/HTZvUlXecB more
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Well said @SarahKerbaj ! Multilateralism, dialogue and cooperation are now more important than ever! The world ne… https://t.co/DyxdHeXBjf more
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An inspiring vision for a better quality #education in #Lebanon , one that is based on creativity, innovation and c… https://t.co/ZWXqZdHw6G more
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Self-explanatory video by this #YLP6 young leader on how to break the cycle of #poverty through simple yet decisive… https://t.co/5Pcp3ybt4q more
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YOUth are the positive change we want to see in #Lebanon & the 🌏 Stay positive & shine with your remarkably innova… https://t.co/KV41FM0mZi more
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أكثر من ٥٠٪ من إجمالي انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة في لبنان، والتي تُساهم في الاحتباس الحراري، ناتجة عن قطاع الطاقة.… https://t.co/3AEuYLazCO more
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The power of #art through #Youth lens becomes even more powerful ! #YLP6 https://t.co/knb24gs1Hj more
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#Youth solutions & ideas are endless! Check out @cendrellaantoun ToySwap mobile app to help #reuse unwanted toys… https://t.co/gUTGFu0r1E more
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Another interesting visualisation of how #youth #unemployment can be tackled in #Lebanon #youth talents are inval… https://t.co/wDiRk2Y1nu more
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Over 50% of #Lebanon ´s total GHG emissions leading to global warming, come from #energy sector. Save energy by t… https://t.co/Ohen4Ve0Ol more
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Here is another example of how resolving one problem through innovative ways can create a ripple effect on people’s… https://t.co/q9WVP6lWIe more
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في حين يستعيد القطاع الصناعي بعض نشاطاته في #لبنان في ظل أزمة #فيروس_كورونا ، لا بدّ من التذكير ببعض النصائح لتطبيق… https://t.co/uP6pXaturH more
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70%: proportion of cancer drugs that are natural or synthetic products inspired by nature. Support #ForNature supp… https://t.co/ac0FRF8tVB more
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A huge thanks to all the inspiring #youth voices who have been trending steadily in #Lebanon for the past 2 days to… https://t.co/EacHfkFCnv more
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#Volunteerism is a powerful way to make change in societies &help solve long-lasting problems. «If one could spare… https://t.co/PwQHScGvnp more
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#Youth are the backbone of our societies. They are powerful agents of change ! We must ensure they are empowered… https://t.co/vEEI2nRcGQ more
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Well said @isra_hachem ! Supporting productive sectors, namely #agriculture , is now more necessary than ever to he… https://t.co/DNePtJHdwl more
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For young @SSleilati , achieving #genderequality & empowering #women are key to achieving the #SDGs & reaching… https://t.co/QkuKlncWz2 more
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❌: الأطباء الإيطاليون عصوا قانون #منظمة_الصحة_العالمية ✔: #منظمة_الصحة_العالمية لا تصدر أي قوانين بل تقدم إرشادات… https://t.co/PXMUXjIcir more
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As we work together to contain #COVID19, we must also work to contain misinformation. Thats why the @UN launched… https://t.co/gWtCCFodi2 more
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This young lady @ghanem_farah had her say about the future she wants for herself and her country 🇱🇧 What are you w… https://t.co/lL9rks8Bhj more
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Find out how young #Lebanese @ak_rayane would like to see #Lebanon s waste problem solved, as part of the #UN75 c… https://t.co/tDPbtZdoTF more
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Beware of the detrimental effects of social #stigma associated with #coronavirus on people! Stigma can: ✔️ Push… https://t.co/RShwFyvUNL more
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Thank you @kordab_karen and all #ylp6 participants for having your say in #TheWorldWeWant .The @UN hear YOUth! Hav… https://t.co/XmT2ZYxDfR more
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Young people are already taking action on #COVID-19. We need to ensure they are included in all phases of respons… https://t.co/inxclaFf2F more
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What we do now will echo throughout history. Share your vision of a better future for all humanity! Take this one-… https://t.co/1iGOiUK51s more
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في حين يستعيد القطاع الصناعي بعض نشاطاته في #لبنان في ظل أزمة #فيروس_كورونا ، لا بدّ من اعتماد الإرشادات التي أطلقت… https://t.co/cx1x6NtRci more
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Sharing trusted & verified information is vital during a crisis like #COVID19. Here are 5⃣ ways to spot misinform… https://t.co/punV03rQ8f more
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As the world responds to #COVID-19 , we must consider the rights of the most vulnerable Young people: girls, young… https://t.co/zl72p6MYrN more
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Each year, services provided by biodiversity are worth more than one and a half times the size of global GDP (US $1… https://t.co/hJ7AoP8VIF more
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مش كل معلومة متعلقة بفيروس #كورونا صحيحة ! صحيح إنو الفيروس ما بينتشر بالطقس الحارّ؟ غير صحيح! ❌ فيروس #كوروناhttps://t.co/Lx5IE6x6rB more
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At this rare time, #Lebanon and the world are united to fight #COVID19 & all its socio-economic repercussions. Jo… https://t.co/PjOzMNLtw1 more
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#COVID-19 has worsened gender inequalities in #Lebanon. W/many confined to their homes, women & girls find themsel… https://t.co/E8YCvtFNzq more
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Marine plants produce more than half of our atmosphere’s oxygen, in turn removing carbon dioxide from the atmospher… https://t.co/xGYjr6ab6Z more
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للحد من انتشار فيروس #كورونا المستجد ولحماية الأفراد والمجتمع من خطر الإصابة به، فإن خدمات التوصيل إلى المنازل هي إ… https://t.co/ynIHrvYaF0 more
@UN_Lebanon
Beware of the detrimental effects of social #stigma associated with #coronavirus on people! Stigma can: ✔️ Push… https://t.co/I8BnaWrdld more
@UN_Lebanon
As we work together to contain #COVID19, we must also work to contain misinformation. Thats why the @UN launched… https://t.co/ALrQdecJhQ more
@UN_Lebanon
📣Inform 🙌 Engage 🤝Partner Young people should be partners in all phases of the COVID-19 response! Check the new… https://t.co/SfmdmcaCFd more
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Since the #COVID19 outbreak, women in #Lebanon are reporting lay-offs, wage reductions & increased cases of domesti… https://t.co/GIIuWQttEa more
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Legumes & nuts are crucial sources of proteins!They come from plants, cost less than other protein-rich foods, are… https://t.co/XHM1d4yvbB more
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صحيح إنّو فيروس #كورونا ما بينتقل من خلال مياه حوض السباحة؟ صحيح! ✅ ولكن يجب اعتماد مجموعة من الإجراءات الوقائي… https://t.co/Fv6ZovloLf more
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إن ممارسة #الوصم الاجتماعي بحق ضحايا #كورونا له آثار سلبية وخيمة: ✔️ فهو يدفع الناس لإخفاء المرض بغية تجنب التميي… https://t.co/Ce3NMxd2dn more
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The #UN in #Lebanon scales up efforts to respond to key gender issues related to the #COVID-19 outbreak. More 👉… https://t.co/rtsfuq4qo1 more
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Each year, though they cover less than 1% of 🌎 surface, coral reefs contribute $375 billion to the global economy.… https://t.co/5ZcPteQJN1 more
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Strengthening the role of #womeninpeacekeeping is essential to making sure our peace and security efforts are lasti… https://t.co/x3NvtSJOQy more
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Insightful discussion between @WFPLebanon & partnering #NGOs who voiced their concerns & hopes amid #COVID19, discu… https://t.co/fxOy30onHu more
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مش كل معلومة متعلقة بفيروس #كورونا صحيحة ! صحيح إنو فيروس #كورونا بيعيش 12 ساعة على الأسطح؟ إليكم الجواب في هذا… https://t.co/3mSh31j2Sp more
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Amazing the level of engagement of @WFPLebanon partners & field experts coming together to discuss the future of… https://t.co/UBvMjkP630 more
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Were light years away from achieving gender parity in peacekeeping, and this has to change! As we commemorate… https://t.co/0c7Yk75hwM more
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Are we on track to ensure #foodsecurity in #Lebanon ? @WFPLebanon is gathering the voices of partnering #NGOs & y… https://t.co/0SUIKfmDHb more
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👏 Tackling stigma 👏 Fighting misinformation 👏 Supporting communities Young people are already taking action on… https://t.co/j704e4rHQa more
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#FoodSafety should always be a priority, including during the #COVID19 pandemic. Separate raw meat & cooked food 🥩… https://t.co/9KacSx0ii2 more
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Peacekeeper of the Day! Meet Zeina Saleh of @UNMAS trainiing @UNIFIL demining teams &ensuring adherence to global… https://t.co/sSVAaas9Qh more
@UN_Lebanon
بينما نعمل معًا على احتواء جائحة #كوفيد_19، يجب علينا أن نعمل أيضا على احتواء المعلومات المضللة. لهذا السبب، تطلق… https://t.co/cqDcYqKfcE more
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"As we commemorate the 20th anniv. of Security Council Res.1325 on Women, Peace & Security, we must do more to achi… https://t.co/Nhl8e4AqyW more
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حفظة السلام النساء في #اليونيفيل ينتشرن في منطقة عمليات البعثة ويقمن بدور حيوي في تنفيذ قرار مجلس الأمن 1701 وتأدية… https://t.co/BYsMdWpBc2 more
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Human health depends on planetary health. We need to take ambitious #ClimateAction to recover better from #COVID19.… https://t.co/6ec98pNHDI more
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تقوم #اليونيفيل باتخاذ تدابير وقائية صارمة ضد جائحة #كوفيد19، وهي أولوية رئيسية للحفاظ على التزام البعثة بمواصلة ال… https://t.co/loxAbO3hNW more
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مش كل معلومة متعلقة بفيروس #كورونا صحيحة ! صحيح إنو الفيروس ما بينتشر بالطقس الحارّ؟ غير صحيح! ❌ فيروس #كوروناhttps://t.co/OCOLsz0QHg more
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In #Lebanon🇱🇧 & all around the🌎, #womeninpeacekeeping have stepped up their support to the local response to… https://t.co/4mCa9aWQlO more
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💉Test. 🔬Trace. 💊Treat 🤒 Care. The World Health Organization has been calling for this. 🩺 This is how the world wil… https://t.co/tPAaUOVjw5 more
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To ensure a better recovery from #COVID19, we are calling on Governments and policy-makers to match our ambitious… https://t.co/rnM6hWL9xk more
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.@UNIFIL_ female peacekeepers are deployed in the area of operation playing a vital role in the implementation of… https://t.co/vz6zI4rkwf more
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الرضاعة الطبيعية بتحمي المولود من الأمراض لأنها بتقوي جهاز المناعة. والاتصال الوثيق مع المولود ورضاعته من الثدي بت… https://t.co/oHKYKrhuA8 more

Lebanon’s involvement with the Agenda and the SDGs

Lebanon has been an active participant in the process related to the SDGs. It first contributed through a report to the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, also known as Rio+20. Lebanon also participated in national consultations to provide inputs during the formulation of the SDGs, and then participated in the summits relating to sustainable development and the SDGs. Lebanon endorsed the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the SDGs on September 2015.

In July 2018, Lebanon submitted its Voluntary National Review at the High Level Political Forum, as part of the reporting mechanism of the 2030 Agenda. Although the content of the report varies from country to country, the Voluntary National Review (VNR) is a voluntary report which describes where countries stand vis-a-vis the 2030 Agenda, sharing experiences, including successes, challenges and lessons learned.

In order to develop Lebanon’s VNR and to support the general roll-out of the 2030 Agenda, the Council of Ministers established the National Committee on SDGs, which is headed by the Prime Minister and composed of representatives from all the concerned ministries and public institutions as well as representatives from civil society and private sector. The National Committee will bring all ministries together, ensure SDGs are included in national programs and plans as well as develop a national database for the SDG indicators. In March 2018, in order to organize itself to implement the SDGs, the National Committee on SDGs endorsed the creation of four thematic groups according to the 5Ps of the SDGs (People, Planet, Prosperity, Strong Institutions and Peace) and a Statistical Task Force. The Lebanese Parliament in November 2017 formed a commission to ensure coordinated policy support by the Parliament to the advancement of the SDGs.


SDGs becoming an opportunity for Lebanon

In addressing many issues that are highly relevant to Lebanon and its residents, including goals on equality, economic growth, governance and the environment, the SDGs are an opportunity for the country to develop an ambitious but achievable shared vision of Lebanon, The Lebanon We Want, for the next fifteen years and beyond.

Lebanon now has the coordination mechanism and the necessary tools to achieve significant progress across various aspects of sustainable development. The Lebanese are famous for their entrepreneurial spirit, and the country is an example of coexistence. Lebanon is a hugely resourceful country, which is capable of impressive transformations if all its resources – natural, financial and, particularly, human – are mobilized.

In essence, with a vision and tools, the SDGs are both an opportunity and a challenge for Lebanon. In order to achieve the SDGs and sustainable development in general, difficult decisions will need to be made that balance today’s demands with tomorrow’s needs. The SDGs and the mechanisms in place in-country are also an opportunity to get everyone around the table and re-consider the current way of doing “business as usual” to see if Lebanon – and the Lebanese - can do not only more, but do better, to ensure the land of the cedars a bright, sustainable future and achieve The Lebanon We Want.


No Poverty Icon
Zero Hunger Icon
Good Health & Well-Being Icon
Quality Education Icon
Gender Equality Icon
Clean Water & Sanitation Icon
Affordable & Clean Energy Icon
Decent Work & Economic Growth Icon
Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure Icon
Reduced Inequalities Icon
Sustainable Cities and Communities Icon
Responsible Consumption & Production Icon
Climate Action Icon
Life Below Water Icon
Life on Land Icon
Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Icon
Partnerships for the Goals Icon
The Global Goals for Sustainable Development

No Poverty

What is the goal about?

Eliminating poverty, especially extreme poverty, providing equal rights to economic resources and securing basic social services such as education and health.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

In Lebanon, hard work is being done to help the poorest and the most vulnerable in the country to lift them out of poverty through targeted initiatives. Despite these efforts, many remain below the poverty line and risk being left behind.

Did you know that…?

- 27% of Lebanese are considered poor, spending less than $270 per month.
- In 2015, 70% of Syrian refugees in Lebanon spent less than $120 a month, 65% of Palestine refugees in Lebanon spent less than $210 a month and 90% of Palestine refugees from Syria spent less than $80 a month.

Zero hunger

What is the goal about?

End hunger and ensure that everyone, in particular the poor, has access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

In Lebanon, sufficient and good food is available, but it is not always accessible to everyone. Therefore, there are a number of People who struggle to make ends meet, tend to consume food products that have nutritional value.

Did you know that…?

-16.5% of children under 5 years old in Lebanon are stunted, meaning they are not developing properly due to malnutrition.
-About 11% of Lebanese, 93% of Syrian refugees, 62% of Palestine refugees in Lebanon, and 94% of Palestine refugees from Syria cannot meet their basic food needs.

Good health and well being

What is the goal about?

A world without disease – physical as well as mental – achieved through high quality health care systems, which cover and protect all people.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Significant advances have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers in Lebanon, such as coronary heart disease and respiratory diseases, and in improving access to quality health services. However, there is still work to be done to improve the population’s health and ensure affordable health care for all.

Did you know that…?

-Over the past 12 years, the number of women in Lebanon who died giving birth was reduced from 84 to 16 out of 100,000.
-51.7% of Lebanese are not covered by any form of health insurance.
-23% of Syrian refugees could not obtain the hospital care they needed in 2015 due to costs.
-About one third of all Palestinian refugees in Lebanon have a chronic medical condition.

Quality education

What is the goal about?

Obtaining quality education is a fundamental human right, the foundation for improving people’s lives and a public good that everyone, everywhere should be able to enjoy, at every stage of their life. Improving access to quality education and lifelong learning is key to ensuring that all can enjoy and contribute to a peaceful, prosperous, fair, and sustainable future.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

There has been great progress in reaching higher enrolment in primary education and increasing already high literacy rates among the youth in Lebanon. However, areas for improvement still remain, including reduced repetition and dropout rates and higher enrolment in education for all children and youth

Did you know that…?

-In the 2015-2016 school year, 249,000 Lebanese children were newly enrolled in public education – an increase of 11,000 from the previous year – but about 50,000 Lebanese children were still out of school.
-In 2015-16, 155,000 Syrian and Iraqi refugee children were enrolled in schools and completed their school year, although half of their school-aged peers were still out of school.
-The percentage of all persons in higher education, regardless of age, has declined from 49.7% in 2011 to 42.8% in 2014.

Gender equality

What is the goal about?

Achieving equality between men and women by eliminating discrimination and violence against women and girls, empowering women to rise to their potential, and achieving equality between women and men in all spheres of life.



How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

In spite of solid achievements with regard to equality and empowerment, women in Lebanon do not benefit from equal rights, and still face inequality in society, politics, legal affairs and the labour market. Lebanon does not yet enjoy full and unconditional equality between men and women.

Did you know that…?

-In the 2016 municipal elections about 100 more women were elected than in the 2010 municipal elections, while women still only represent 5.5% of the municipal council seats.
-Only 23.5% of women are part of the labour market, whereas the proportion of men is 70.3%.
-Only 3 percent of national parliamentary seats are held by women.

Clean water and sanitation

What is the goal about?

Giving all people equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water and sanitation through improved management of services.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Major advances have been made and the majority of people in Lebanon have improved access to water supply, however, the population experiences frequent water shortages and, in many places, the water is not safe to drink. While Lebanon has relatively well established water and wastewater networks, only a small portion of the water and wastewater is treated and managed safely.

Did you know that…?

-Up to 70% of natural water sources in Lebanon are bacterially contaminated.
-In 2012 Lebanon extracted 0.7 billion cubic metres of groundwater, but the groundwater is only replenished with 0.5 billion cubic metres each year.

Affordable and clean energy

What is the goal about?

Ensuring affordable, reliable and efficient energy while also increasing our use of renewable energy.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has a high potential to move away from oil as a main fuel for energy and rely more on renewable energy from resources such as sun, wind and water. Significant efforts are needed to improve greenhouse gas emissions and the affordability of energy.

Did you know that…?

-In Lebanon up to 4.5% of electricity comes from hydropower and up to 95.5% from oil.
-In 2012 Electricité du Liban (EDL) only met 63% of the demand for electricity in Lebanon.
-53% of Lebanon’s total greenhouse gas emissions were from the energy sector in 2012.

Decent work and economic growth

What is the goal about?

Achieving improved productivity and economic growth which provides employment for all in safe working environments, protected by labour rights.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

While Lebanon’s economy has shown a high level of resilience in the face of regional instability, supported by sectors such as tourism and construction, it has struggled in recent years and growth rates have dropped. Even in previous periods of growth, the economy was unable to generate sufficient jobs, leading to high unemployment rates, especially of women and youth, as well as high emigration of educated youth out of Lebanon.

Did you know that…?


-Despite insecurity, volatility and uncertainty, Lebanon has maintained a modest positive growth in recent years.
-It is estimated that in Lebanon youth unemployment is 21.6%.

Industry, innovation and infrastructure

What is the goal about?

Fostering innovation and building resilient infrastructure to promote inclusive sustainable industrialization as a driver of sustained economic growth and sustainable development.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has a reputation for vibrant entrepreneurship and has done a lot to improve the conditions for small businesses to grow. However, additional efforts are needed to modernize the infrastructure, promote innovation and strengthen the industrial sector.

Did you know that…?

-The information communications technology sector in Lebanon is expected to grow 7.24% annually in the 2015-2018 period.
-Manufacturing exports decreased by almost 30% from 2012 to 2015.
-The estimated cost of traffic congestion in Lebanon is estimated at between 5% and 10% of GDP annually.


Reduced Inequalities

What is the goal about?

Reducing economic, social, legal and political inequalities based on age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion, economic or other status through the adoption of policies protecting the equal human rights of all.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon faces a wide range of inequalities including income, consumption and social, particularly between Beirut and rural areas. Geographical disparities are further exacerbated due to the manner of allocating funding directly to municipalities, particularly affecting municipalities in rural areas.

Did you know that…?

-The richest 20% in Lebanon account for 40% of all consumption, five times more than the poorest 20%.
-Lebanon does not have a civil code guaranteeing equal treatment for all in personal status matters such as marriage, custody and inheritance, but rather has 15 separate personal status laws that are linked to religious sects.
-The 244 most vulnerable municipalities host 87% of all displaced persons from Syria.

Sustainable Cities and Communities

What is the goal about?

Providing safe and sustainable cities through the protection of cultural and natural heritage, secure housing, transport systems and road safety with a focus on sustainable urbanization and environmental impact.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has a rich urban cultural heritage, with a number of the world’s oldest cities. The country has, however, witnessed large demographic changes, including a high level of conflict induced urbanisation and waves of external and internal displacements. Such increasingly complex urban contexts can make it more difficult to maintain social coherence and ensure inclusion.

Did you know that…?

-Around 90% of the population in Lebanon live in urban areas and about 30% live in the Beirut metropolitan area alone.
-The majority of Syrian refugees live in urban areas, often in high density poor neighbourhoods and sometimes in vulnerable conditions. 63% of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon and 55% of Palestinian refugees from Syria live inside camps, most of which are located in urban areas

Responsible production and consumption

What is the goal about?

Sustainable consumption and production involves the efficient management of natural resources and chemicals and the reduction of waste pollutant products



How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Since 2000, Lebanon has implemented environmental legislation requiring industries to minimize their pollution. However, environmental governance at municipal level and national level regulation and enforcement needs to be further strengthened for better recycling and waste management.

Did you know that…?

-Lebanon was able to reduce consumption of CFC (a substance that depletes the ozone layer) from 928 tons to 0 tons in less than fifteen years.
-In 2010, 17% of household solid waste was recycled while 83% was sent to landfills or open dumps, including potentially hazardous forms of waste.

Climate action

What is the goal about?

Integrating climate change into national policies and raising awareness about it, while strengthening the country’s ability to deal with the results of climate change.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has signed several conventions, such as the Paris Agreement on climate change, and established several institutions dedicated to the protection of the environment. The country is vulnerable to extreme events such as winter floods and extended hot summer days that are increasing due to climate change. More can be done to reduce Lebanon’s contribution to climate change and increase the capacities of institutions working with environmental issues.

Did you know that…?

-Lebanon increased its greenhouse gas emissions, gases that are harmful to the environment and contribute to climate change, by nearly 5% annually between 1994 and 2012.
-It is estimated that by 2040 rainfall in Lebanon will have decreased by 10-20%.
-At the current rate, sea levels in Lebanon will rise with up to 60 cm in the next 30 years.

Life below water

What is the goal about?

Protecting and conserving marine and coastal areas and ecosystems by reducing marine pollution, ocean acidification and over-fishing.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

With around 240 kilometres of coastline, Lebanon’s coastal zone is a key element of its natural capital, beauty and tourist attractions. However, the lack of protection measures is negatively affecting these ecosystems and the species living in them.

Did you know that…?

-In 2010, 65% of total sewage in Lebanon ended up in coastal waters.
-Between 1975 and 2001 an estimated 1,269 illegal properties were constructed along the coastline, which negatively affected coastal and marine ecosystems.

Life on land

What is the goal about?

Conserving and protecting freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems, forests and biodiversity from deforestation, desertification and non-native species

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon, with a unique biodiversity, has an identity that is deeply linked to the cedar tree — and yet its forests are at grave risk of disappearing. Development after the civil war has come at a cost to the natural ecosystems mainly due to unsustainable urban growth.

Did you know that…?

-Lebanon has a very high biodiversity with 0.25 different species per square kilometre—more than in Brazil.
-Growing urbanization is estimated to consume about 5 square kilometres of natural areas every year in Lebanon.

Peace, justice and strong institutions

What is the goal about?

Reducing all forms of violence, promoting responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making processes, developing effective and accountable institutions and ensuring access to justice for all.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has a unique political system constructed to safeguard peace and justice. However, parliamentary elections have been postponed twice since the last election in 2009. Many Lebanese are losing faith in the ability of government to provide services, ensure accountability and justice to the population, and worry about risks of violence and radicalization.

Did you know that…?

-The municipal elections in 2016 were completed with only half as many complaints from voters as in 2010.
-In 2015 Lebanon ranked 123rd out of 168 countries and territories on the corruption perception index, placing Lebanon among the bottom 30%.

Partnerships for the goals

What is the goal about?

Building the global and local partnerships that are essential for a country to attain sustainable development, to build capacities, to increase trade and to mobilize financial resources and technologies.

How does that relate to the Lebanon context?

Lebanon has created successful partnerships with a number of countries and regional groups to share and enhance knowledge and to increase exports. Lebanon also has a strong business community and a vibrant civil society which can become partners in efforts made towards sustainable development.

Did you know that…?

-Lebanon has been able to reduce its tax rate on imported goods by almost 75% since 2000.
-Lebanon does not have a public private partnership (PPP) legal framework even though a law was drafted in 2007.